Strengthening America's Families:
Exemplary Parenting and Family Strategies
For Delinquency Prevention
TOC : OVERVIEW | PART I | PART II | PART III | PART IV | REFERENCES
Aber, J. L., Seidman, E., Allen, L, Mitchell, C., and Garfinkel, R. (1992). Poverty, life events and
the psychological adaptation of urban youth: Testing mediated risk models. Unpublished
manuscript. New York: Bernard College of Columbia University.
Aktan, G. (1995). Organizational framework for a substance use prevention program. Intl. Journal
of Addictions 30,185-201.
Aktan, G. B. Kumpfer, K. L., & Turner, C. W. (1996). Effectiveness of a family skills training program
for substance use prevention with inner city African-American families. Substance Use and Misuse.
Alexander, J. F., & Parsons, B. V. (1973). Short-term behavioral intervention with delinquent
families: Impact on family process and recidivism. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 81, 219-225.
Alexander, J. F., & Parsons, B. V. (1982). Functional family therapy: Principles and procedures.
Carmel, CA: Brooks/Cole.
Alexander, J. F., & Pugh, C. A. (1996). Oppositional behavior and conduct disorders of children
and youth. In F. W. Kaslow (Ed.), Handbook of Relational Diagnosis and Dysfunctional Family
Patterns. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Alexander, J. F., Waldron, H.B., Newberry, A. M. & Liddle, N. (1988). Family approaches to
treating delinquents. Mental Illness, Delinquency, Addictions, and Neglect. Families in trouble
Series., 4(128-146). Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications, inc. Editors Nunnally, E. W. &
Chilman, C. S.
Alvy, K. T.; Fuentes, E. G.; Harrison, D. S.; & Rosen, L. D. (1980). The culturally-adapted parent
training project: Original grant proposal and first progress report. Studio City, CA: Center for the
Improvement of Child Caring.
American Psychological Association (1996). Is youth violence just another fact of life? Clarifying
the debate: Psychology Examines the Issues. Washington, D.C. (online brochure:
Ary, D. V., Duncan, T. E., Duncan, S. C. & Hops, H. (1999). Adolescent problem behavior: the
influence of parents and peers. Behavior Research and Therapy, 37(3), 217-230.
Baltes, P. B., Featherman, D. L. & Learner, R. M. (1990). Life-Span Development and Behavior
(Vol. 10, p. 111). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory.
Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Baumrind, D. (1985). Familial antecedents of adolescent drug use: A developmental perspective. In
C.L. Jones & R. J. Battjes (Eds.), Etiology of drug abuse: Implications for prevention (NIDA
Research Monograph No. 56, pp. 13-44). Washington, DC: Government Printing Office.
Bavolek, S. J., Comstock, C. M.,& McLaughlin, J.A. (1983). The Nurturing Program: A validated
approach to reducing functional family interactions. Final report, No. 1R01MH34862. Rockville,
MD: National Institute of Mental Health.
Becker, R. (1971). Parents are Teachers: A Child Management Program. Eugene, OR: Castalia
Bierman, K. L., Greenberg, M. T., & the Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group. (1996).
Social skill training in the FAST Track program. In Peters, R. DeV., & McMahon, R. J. (eds.)
Prevention and early intervention: Childhood disorders, substance abuse and delinquency.
Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Bilchik, S. (1995). Delinquency Prevention Works: Program Summary. Office of Juvenile Justice
and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), NCJ #------.
Blechman, E. A., Prinz, R. J., & Dumas, J. E. (1995). Coping, competence, and aggression
prevention: Part 1. Developmental model. Applied & Preventive Psychology, 4, 211-232.
Borduin, C. M., Mann, B. J., Cone, L. T., Henggeler, S. W., Fucci, B. R., Blaske, D. M., &
Williams, R. A. (1996). Multisystemic treatment of serious juvenile offenders: Long-term
prevention of criminality and violence. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 63, 569-578.
Botvin, G. J. (1995). Drug abuse prevention in school settings. In G.J. Botvin, S. Schinke; & M. A.
Orlandi (Eds.) Drug Abuse Prevention with Multiethnic Youth, pp.169-192, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage
Bowlby, J. (1969/1982). Attachment. New York: Basic Books.
Brook, J. S. (1993). Interactional theory: Its utility in explaining drug use behavior among African-
American and Puerto Rican youth. In M.R. De La Rosa & J-L.R. Adrados (Eds.) Drug Abuse Among
Minority Youth: Advances in Research Methodology. National Institute on Drug Abuse Research
Monograph 130. NIH Pub. No. 93-3479. Washington, DC: Supt. of Doc., U.S. Government Printing
Office, pp. 79-101.
Brook, J. S., Whiteman, M, Gordon, A.S., & Brook, D. W. (1984). Paternal determinants of female
adolescent=s marijuana use. Developmental Psychology 20: 1032-1043.
Brook, J. S., Whiteman, M., Gordon, A. S., Brook, D.W., & Cohen, P. (1990, May). The psychosocial
etiology of adolescent drug use: A family interactional approach. Genetic, Social & General
Psychology Monographs, 116(2).
Brunswick, A.; Messeri, P., & Titus, S. (1992). Predictive factors in adult substance abuse: A
prospective study of African-American adolescents. In Glantz, M., & Pickens, R.(eds.) Vulnerability to
Drug Abuse. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association: 419-464.
Bry, B.H. (1983). Predicting drug abuse: Review and reformulation. International Journal of
Addictions 18: 223-233.
Bry, B. H., Catalano, R.F., Kumpfer, K. L., Lochman, J.E., & Szapocznik, J. (in press). Scientific
findings from family prevention intervention research. In Ashery, R. & Kumpfer, K.L. (Eds.) Family-
Focused Preventions of Drug Abuse: Research and Interventions, NIDA Research Monograph.
Submitted 9/17/96. National Institute on Drug Abuse Prevention, Rockville, MD.
Bry, B. H., Greene, D. M., Schutte, C., & Fishman, C. (1991). Targeted family intervention: Procedures
Manual. Unpublished document.
Bureau of Justice Statistics. (1992). National Crime Victimization Survey, 1991. Washington, D.C.: BJS.
Butts, J.A. (1996). Offenders in juvenile court, 1994. OJJDP: Juvenile Justice Bulletin, U.S.
Department of Justice.
Camp, D. D. (1991). Shock incarceration in Georgia: an analysis of task performance and training
needs among corrections officers. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 16(3-4), 153-176.
Carnegie Council on Adolescent Development. (1994). A Matter of Time: Risk and Opportunity in the
Out-of-School Hours. New York, N.Y.: Carnegie Foundation.
Catalano, R.. F., Haggerty, K. P., Flemming, C., & Brewer, D. (1996). Focus on families: scientific
findings from family prevention intervention research. Paper presented at the NIDA conference:
"Drug Abuse Prevention Through Family Intervention", Gaithersburg, MD., January, 1996.
Catalano, R. F., Haggerty, K. P., & Gainey, R. R. (in press). Prevention approaches in methadone
treatment setting: Children of drug abuse treatment clients. In W. J. Bukoski & Z. Amsel(eds.) Drug
abuse Prevention: Sourcebook on Strategies and Research.
Catalano, R. F., & Hawkins, J. D. (1996). The social development model: A theory of antisocial
behavior. In Hawkins, J.D. (Ed.) Delinquency and Crime: Current Theories: 149-197. New York:
Cambridge University Press.
Catalano, R. F., Hawkins, J. D., Krenz, C., Gillmore, M., Morrison, D., Wells, E., & Abbot, R. (1993).
Using research to guide culturally appropriated drug abuse prevention. Journal Consulting and Clinical
Psychology 61: 804-811.
Cellini, H. R. (1995). Understanding Violent Juvenile Offenders. Prepared for the National Violence
Prevention Conference Program, Des Moines, IA, October 22-25, pg. 4
Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (1993). Signs of Effectiveness in Preventing Alcohol and Other
Drug Problems (Contract No. ADM-SA-88-005). Washington, DC: Supt. Of Docs., U.S. Government
Center for Substance Abuse Prevention. (in press). Family-centered Approaches to Prevent Substance
Abuse among Children and Adolescents: A Guideline. Prevention Enhancement Protocol System
(PEPS). Contract Number 277-92-1011. Washington, DC: Supt. Of Docs., U.S. Government Printing
Chamberlain, P., & Reid, J. B. (1987). Parent observation and report on child symptoms.
Behavioral Assessment, 9, 97-109.
Chilcoat, H. D., Dishion, T.J., & Anthony, J.C. (1995). Parent monitoring and the incidence of drug
sampling in urban elementary school children. American Journal of Epidemiology, 141: 25-31.
Cicchetti, D., Rogosch, F. A., Lynch, M., & Holt, K. D. (1993). Resilience in maltreated children:
Processes leading to adaptive outcome. Development and Psychopathology, 5, 629-647.
Cohen, M.A. (1994). The monetary value of saving a high risk youth. Paper supported by the National
Institute of Justice, Washington, D.C.: The Urban Institute.
Cole, P. M., & Zahn-Waxler, C. (1992). Emotional dysregulation in disruptive behavior disorders. In
D. Cicchetti & S.L. Toth (Eds.), Rochester Symposium on Developmental Psychopathology, Vol. 4:
Developmental Perspectives on Depression (pp. 173-209). Rochester, NY: University of Rochester
Coleman, S. B., & Stanton, M. D. (1978). An index for measuring agency involvement in family
therapy. Family Process, 17, 479-483.
Compas, B. E. (1987). Stress and life events during childhood and adolescence. Clinical Psychology
Review, 7, 275-302.
Coombs, R. H.; Paulson, M. J.; & Richardson, M. A. (1991). Peer vs. parental influence in substance
use among Hispanic and Anglo children and adolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence 20: 73-88.
Curry, G. D., Ball, R. A., & Fox, R. J. (1994). Criminal Justice reaction to gang violence. Violence and
the Law. Claremont Symposium on Applied Social Psychology, 7, 203-225. Thousnd Oaks, CA: Sage
Publications, Inc. eds Constanzo, M. & Oskamp, S.
Dadds, M. R., Sanders, M. R., Morrison, M., & Rebgetz, M. (1992). Childhood depression and conduct
disorder. II. An analysis of family interaction patterns in the home. Journal of Abnormal Psychology,
Danzy, J. & Jackson, S. M. (1997). Family preservation and support services: a missed opportunity for
kinship care. Child Welfare, 76 (Jan./Feb), 31-44.
DeBaryshe, B. D., Patterson, G. R., & Capaldi, D. M. (1993). A performance model for academic
achievement in early adolescent boys. Developmental Psychology, 29, 795-804.
DeMarsh, J. K., & Kumpfer, K. L. (1985). Family environmental and genetic influences on children's
future chemical dependency. Journal of Children in Contemporary Society: Advances in Theory and
Applied Research 18(1/2): 117-152.
DeMarsh, J. P., & Kumpfer, K.L. (1986). Family-oriented interventions for the prevention of chemical
dependency in children and adolescents. In S. Griswold-Ezekoye, K. L. Kumpfer & W. Bukoski (Eds.),
Childhood and Chemical Abuse: Prevention and Intervention (pp. 117-152). New York: Haworth.
Dembo, R., Farrow, D., Scheidler, J., & Burgos, W. (1979). Testing a causal model of environmental
influences on the early drug involvement of inner city junior high school youth. American Journal
Alcohol Abuse 6: 313-336.
Dilworth-Anderson, P. (1989). Family Structure and intervention strategies: Beyond empirical
research. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 565: 183-188.
Dinkmeyer, D., & McKay, G. (1976). Systematic training for effective parenting. Circle Pines, MN:
American Guidance Service.
Dishion, T.J. & Andrews, D.W. (1995). Preventing escalation in problem behaviors with high-risk
young adolescents: Immediate and 1-year outcomes. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 63:
Dishion, T. J., French, D., & Patterson, G. R. (1995). The development and ecology of antisocial
behavior. In Cicchetti, D., & Cohen, D. (Eds.) Manual of developmental psychopathology: 421-471.
New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Dishion, T. J., Reid, J. B., & Patterson, G.R. (1988). Empirical guidelines for a family intervention for
adolescent drug use. Journal of Chemical Dependency Treatment 1: 189-224.
Dumas, J. E. (1986). Parental perception and treatment outcome in families of aggressive children: A
causal model. Behavior Therapy, 17, 420-432.
Duncan, T.; Duncan, S., & Hops, H. (1996). The role of parents and older siblings in predicting
adolescent substance use. Modeling development via structural equation latent growth
methodology. Journal of Family Psychology, 10(2), 158-172.
Dunst, C. J., & Trivette, C. M. (1994). Methodological considerations and strategies for studying the
long-term follow-up of early intervention. In S. Friedman & H.C. Haywood (Eds.) Developmental
follow-up: Concepts, domains and methods: 277-313. San Diego, CA.
DuRant, R., Cadenhead, C., Pendergrast, R., Slavens, G., & Linder, C. (1994). Factors associated with
use of violence among urban black adolescents, American Journal of Public Health, 84(4), 612-616.
Egeland, B., & Erickson, M. F. (1987). Psychologically unavailable caregiving: The effects on
development of young children and the implications for intervention. In M. Brassard; S. Hart; & B.
Germain (Eds.) Psychological Maltreatment of Children and Youth: 110-120. New York: Pergamon
Egeland, B., & Erickson, M. F. (1990). Rising above the past: Strategies for helping new mothers
break the cycle of abuse and neglect. Zero to Three 11(2): 29-35.
Elliot, D., Huizinga, D., & Menard, S. (1989). Multiple Problem Youth: Delinquency, Substance Use,
and Mental Health Problems. New York: Springer-Verlag.
Elliott, D. S. (1994). Health enhancing and health compromising lifestyles. In S.G. Millstein, A.C.
Petersen, & E.O. Nightingale (Eds.), Promoting the Health of Adolescents: New Directions for the
Twenty-first Century. New York: Oxford University Press.
Emery, R. E. (1988). Marriage, Divorce and Children's Adjustment (pp. 1-18). Newbury
Falco, M. (1992). The Making of a Drug-free America: Programs That Work, New York, NY: Times
Faraone, S. V., Biederman, J., Keenan, K., & Tsuang, M. T. (1991). Separation of DSM-III
attention deficit disorder and conduct disorder: Evidence from a family genetic study of American
child psychiatry patients. Psychological Medicine., 21, 109-121.
Farnsworth, M. (l984). Family structure, family attributes, and delinquency in a sample of low-income
minority males and females. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, l3(4), 349-364.
Farrington, D. P., Loeber, R., Elliott, D. S., Hawkins, J. D., Kandel, D. B., Klein, M.W., McCord, J.,
Rowe, D. C., & Tremblay, R. E. (1990). Advancing knowledge about the onset of delinquency and
crime. In B. B. Lahey & A. E. Kazdin (Eds.) Advances in clinical child psychology (Vol. 13, pp. 283-
342). New York: Plenum Press.
Forehand, R. L., & McMahon, R. J. (1981). Helping the Noncompliant Child. A Clinician's Guide to
Parent Training. New York: Guilford Press.
Fox, J. (1996). Supplementary Homicide Reports 1976-1974. Washington, DC: Federal Bureau
of Investigation, pgs 47-49.
Fraser, M. W., Hawkins, J. D., & Howard, M. O. (1986). Parent training for delinquency
pervention: A review. Child and Youth Services, 11, 93-125.
Frick, P. J., Lahey, B. B., Loeber, R., Stouthamer-Loeber, M., Christ, M. G., & Hanson, K. (1992).
Familial risk factors to oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder: Parental psychopathology
and maternal parenting. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 60, 49-55.
Gaxmararian, J. A., Adams, M. M., Saltzman, L. E., Johnson, C. H., Bruce, C., Marks, J.S., Zahniser, S.
C., & PRAMS Working Group. (1995.) The relationship between pregnancy intendedness and physical
violence in mothers of newborns. Obstetrics & Gynecology, 85(6), 1031-1038.
Geismar, L. L. & Wood K. M. (1986). Family and Delinquency: Resocializing the Young Offender.
New York: Human Sciences Press, Inc.
Glenn, H. S. (1984). Developing capable young people. Paper presented at the 33rd annual conference
of the University of Utah School on Alcoholism and Other Drug Dependencies, Salt Lake City, Utah,
Gonzales, N., Cauce, A.M., Friedman, R. J., & Mason, C.A. (1996). Family, peer, and neighborhood
influences on academic achievement among African-American adolescents: One-year prospective
effects. American Journal of Community Psychology, 24(3), 365-387.
Gordon, D. (1996). Parenting Adolescents Wisely. Workshop presented at 2nd National Training
Conference on Strengthening America's Families. Snowbird Ski Resort, Salt Lake City, Utah, Oct. 12-
Gordon, D. (1997). Parenting Adolescents Wisely. Workshop presented at 3rd National Training
Conference on Strengthening America's Families. Westin City Center, Washington D.C., March 23-25,
Gordon, R. (1987). An operational classification of disease prevention. In Steinberg, J.A., &
Silverman, M.M. (eds.) Preventing mental disorders. Rockville, MD: Department of Health and
Gordon, T. (1970). Parent Effectiveness Training: The tested new way to raise responsible children.
New York, NY: Plume.
Gray-Ray, P., & Ray, M. C. (1990). "Juvenile Delinquency in the Black Community." Youth and
Society 22 (1) (September), 67 - 84.
Greenwood, P.W., Model, K.E., Rydell, C.P., & Chiesa, J. (1996). Diverting Children From a Life of
Crime: What Are the Costs and Benefits?. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation.
Guerney, L. (1974). The training of foster parent trainers. The Pennsylvania State University, in
cooperation with the Pennsylvania Department of Public Welfare.
Gurman, A. S., & Kniskern, D. P. (1978). Research on marital and family therapy: Progress,
perspective and prospect. In S. L. Garfield & L. E. Bergin (Eds.), Handbook of psychotherapy and
behavior change: An empirical analysis (2nd ed., pp. 817-902). New York: John Wiley.
Haapala, D. A., & Kinney, J. M. (1979). Homebuilders approach to the training of in-home therapists.
In S. Maybanks & M. Bryce (Eds.), Home-based services for children and families (pp. 248-252).
Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas.
Haggerty, K.P.; Mills, E.; & Catalano, R.F. (1991). Focus on Families: Parent training curriculum
(unpublished). Social Development Research Group. Seattle, WA.
Haley, J. (1963). Strategies of psychotherapy. New York: Grune & Statton.
Hansen, W.B.; Graham, J.W.; Sobel, J.L.; Shelton, D.R.; Flay, B.R.; & Johnson, C.A. (1987). The
consistency of peer and parent influences on tobacco, alcohol, and marijuana use among young
adolescents. Journal of Behavioral Medicine 10: 559-579.
Hawkins, J. D., Catalano, R. F., & Associates. (1992). Communities that Care. San Francisco, CA:
Hawkins, J. D., Catalano, R. F., & Kent, L. A. (1991) Combining broadcast media and parent educaiton
to prevent teenage drug abuse. In: Donohew, L; Sypher, H.E.; and Bukoski, W.J., eds. Persuasive
Communications and Drug Abuse Prevention. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, pp. 283-294.
Hawkins, J. D., Lishner, D. M., Jenson, J. M., & Catalano, R. F. (1987). Delinquents and drugs: What
the evidence suggests about prevention and treatment programming. In B. S. Brown & A. R. Mills
(Eds.), Youth at high risk for substance abuse (DHHS Publication No. ADM 87-1537, pp. 82-132).
Washington, DC: Government Printing Office.
Hawkins, J. D., Weis, J. G. (1985). The social development model: An integrated approach to
delinquency prevention. Journal of Primary Preventions, 6(2), 73-97.
Henggeler, S. C. (1989). Delinquency in adolescents. Developmental Clinical Psychology and
Psychiatry Series, 18. Newbury Park, CA:Sage Publications, Inc.
Henggler, S. W., & Borduin, C. M. (1990). Family therapy and beyond: A multisystemic approach to
treating the behavior problems of children and adolescents. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole.
Henggler, S.W., & Borduin, C. M. (1995). Multisystemic treatment of serious juvenile offenders and
their families. In I.M. Schwartz (Ed.), family-and home-based services, Lincoln: University of Nebraska
Henggeler, S. W., Melton, G. B. & Smith, L. A. (1992). Family preservation using multisystemic
therapy: an effective alternative to incarcerating serious juvenile offenders. Journal of Counseling and
Clinical Psychology, 60(6), 953-961.
Hetherington, E. M. & Parke, R. D. (1986). Child Psychology: A Contemporary Viewpoint (pp. 520-
521). New York: McGraw-Hill.
Hetherington, E. M., Anderson, E. R., & Stanley-Hagan, M. (1989). Marital transitions: A child's
perspective. American Psychologist, 44, 303.
Hinshaw, S. P., Lahey, B. B., & Hart, E. L. (1993). Issues of taxonomy and comorbidity in the
development of conduct disorder. Development and Psychopathology, 5, 31-49.
Ho, M. K. (1992). Differential application of treatment modalities with Asian American youth. In
Vargas, L.A., & Koss-Chioino (eds.) Working with Culture: Psychotherapeutic interventions with ethnic
minority children and adolescents: 182-203. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Howell, J. C., Krisberg, B., Hawkins, J. D., and Wilson, J. J. (1995). A Sourcebook: Serious, Violent,
& Chronic Juvenile Offenders. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.
Huizinga, D., Esbensen, F. A., & Weiher, A. W. (1991). "Are There Multiple Paths to Delinquency?"
Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 82(1), 83 - 118.
Huizinga, D., Loeber, R., & Thornberry, T. .P. Urban Delinquency and Substance Abuse: Research
Summary of Initial Findings. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. NCJRS,
Huizinga, D.; Loeber, R.; & Thornberry, T.P. (1995). Recent Findings from the Program of
Research on the Causes and Correlates of Delinquency. Washington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice
and Delinquency Prevention.
Institute of Medicine (1994). Reducing Risks for Mental Disorders: Frontiers for Preventive
Intervention Research. Washington DC: National Academy of Sciences.
Jessor, R. (1993). Successful adolescent development among youth in high-risk settings. American
Psychology 48: 117-126.
Jones, A. P., & DeMaree, R. G. (1975). Family disruption, social indices, and problem behavior: A
preliminary study. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 37, 497-504.
Kandel, D. B., & Davies, M. (1992). Progression to regular marijuana involvement:
Phenomenology and risk factors for near-daily use. In Glantz, M., & Pickens, R. (eds.) Vulnerability
to Drug Abuse: 211-242. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Kaplan, H. B., & Johnson, R. J. (1992). Relationships between circumstances surrounding initial
illicit drug use and escalation of drug use: Moderating effects of gender and early adolescent
experiences. In M. Glantz & R. Pickens (Eds.) Vulnerability to Drug Abuse: 299-352. Washington,
DC: American Psychological Association.
Katz, L. F., & Gottman, J. M. (1993). Patterns of marital conflict predict children's internalizing
and externalizing behaviors. Development and Psychology, 29, 940-950.
Kaufman, E. (1986). A contemporary approach to the family treatment of substance abuse
disorders. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 12, 119-211.
Kaufman, E., & Kaufman, P. N. (1979). Multiple family therapy with drug abusers. In E.
Kaufman & P. Kaufman (Eds.), Family therapy of drug and alcohol abuse (pp 81-94). New York:
Kazdin, A. E. (1987). Treatment of antisocial behavior in children: Current status and future
directions. Psychological Bulletin, 102: 187-203.
Kazdin, A. E. (1993). Adolescent mental health: Prevention and treatment programs. American
Psychologist 48(2): 127-140.
Kazdin, A. E. (1995). Conduct Disorders in Childhood and Adolescence. (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks,
Kellam, S. G.; Brown, C. H.; Rubin, B. R.; & Ensminger, M. E. (1983). Paths leading to teenage
psychiatric symptoms and substance use: Developmental epidemiological studies in Woodlawn. In
S.B. Guze; F.J. Earls; & J.E. Barrett (Eds.) Childhood Psychopathology and Development: 17-51.
New York, NY: Raven Press.
Kim, S., Coletti, S. D., Crutchfield, C. C., Williams, C., & Helper N. (1995). Benefit-cost analysis
of drug abuse prevention programs: A macroscopic approach. Journal of drug education, 25, (2),
King, J., Beals, J., Manson, S. M., & Trimble, J. E. (1992). A structural equation model of factors
related to substance use among American Indian adolescents. In J.E Trimble; C.S. Bolek; & S.J.
Niemcryck (Eds.) Ethnic and Multicultural Drug Abuse: Perspectives on Current Research.
Kirigin, K. A., Braukmann, C. J., Atwater, J. D., & Wolf, M. M. (1982). An evaluation of
Teaching-family (Achievement Place) group homes for juvenile offenders. Journal of Applied
Behavior Analysis, 15, 1-16.
Klein, N. C., Alexander, J. F., & Parsons, B. V. (l977). Impact of family systems intervention on
recidivism and sibling delinquency: A model of primary prevention and program evaluation.
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 45, 469-474.
Krohn, M. D., & Thornberry, T. P. (1993). Network theory: A model for understanding drug abuse
among African-American and Hispanic youth. In De La Rosa, M.R., & Adrados, J-L.R. (eds.) Drug
Abuse Among Minority Youth: Advances in Research and Methodology: 102-128. National
Institute in Drug Abuse Research Monograph 130. NIH Pub. No. 93-3479. Washington, DC: Supt.
of Doc., U.S. Government Printing Office.
Kumpfer, K. L. (1987). Special populations: etiology and prevention of vulnerability to chemical
dependency in children of substance abusers. In Brown, B.S., & Mills, A.R. (Eds.) Youth at High
Risk for Substance Abuse: 1-71. National Institute on Drug Abuse Monograph, DHHS Publication
Number (ADM) 90-1537. Washington, DC: Supt. of Doc., U.S. Government Printing Office.
Kumpfer, K. L. (1989). Prevention of alcohol and drug abuse: A critical review of risk factors and
prevention strategies. In Shaffer, D., Philips, I., & Euzer, N. (Eds.), Prevention of Mental Disorders,
Alcohol and Other Drug Use in Children and Adolescents (pp. 309-371). OSAP Monograph No. 2.
Kumpfer, K. L. (1993). Strengthening America's families: Promising parenting and family
strategies for delinquency prevention. A User's Guide, prepared for the U. S. Department of Justice
under Grant No. 87-JS-CX-K495 from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention,
Office of Juvenile Programs, U.S. Department of Justice.
Kumpfer, K. L. (1993). Safe Haven African American parenting project: Second year evaluation
report. Submitted to City of Detroit Health Department, Health Behavior Laboratory, Department
of Health Education, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT.
Kumpfer, K. L. (1995). Access to hard-to-reach women: Interventions as confounds or strategy. In
C. Jones & M. De la Rosa (Eds.) NIDA technical review: Methodological issues: Etiology and
consequences of drug abuse among women. Silver Spring, MD: National Institute of Drug Abuse
Kumpfer, K. L. (1996). Principles of effective family-focused parent programs. Paper presented at
the NIDA conference: "Drug Abuse Prevention Through Family Intervention", Gaithersburg, MD,
Kumpfer, K. L. (1996). Selective prevention approaches for drug abuse prevention: The
Strengthening Families Program. Paper presented at the NIDA conference: "Drug Abuse
Prevention Through Family Intervention", Gaithersburg, MD, January, 1996.
Kumpfer, K. L. (1997). What works in the prevention of drug abuse: Individual, school and family
approaches. DHHS, Center for Substance Abuse Prevention. Secretary's Youth Substance Abuse
Prevention Initiative: Resource Paper: 69-105. March, 1997.
Kumpfer, K. L. & Alvarado, R. (1995). Strengthening families to prevent drug use in multi-ethnic
youth. In G. Botvin; S. Schinke ; & M. Orlandi (Eds.) Drug abuse prevention with multi-ethnic
youth: 253-294. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.
Kumpfer, K. L., & Bayes, J. (1995). Child abuse and alcohol, tobacco, and other drug abuse:
Causality, coincidence, or controversy? In J.H. Jaffe (Ed.), The Encyclopedia of Drugs and
Alcohol. New York: Macmillan.
Kumpfer, K. L., & Bluth, B. (in press). Parent/child transactional processes predictive of substance
abuse resilience or vulnerability. In Johnson, J.L., & McDuff, D.K. (eds.) The Chronicity of
Substance Abuse. Baltimore: Harcourt.
Kumpfer, K. L., & DeMarsh, J. P. (1985). Prevention of chemical dependency in children of
alcohol and drug abusers. NIDA Notes 5: 2-3.
Kumpfer, K. L., & DeMarsh, J. P. (1986). Family environmental and genetic influences on
children=s future chemical dependency. In S. Griswold-Ezekoye, K. L. Kumpfer, & W. Bukoski
(Eds.), Childhood and Chemical Abuse: Prevention and Intervention (pp49-91). New York:
Kumpfer, K. L.; DeMarsh, J. P.; & Child, W. (1989). Strengthening families program: Children's
skills training curriculum manual, parent training manual, children's skill training manual, and
family skills training manual (Prevention Services to Children of Substance-abusing Parents).
Social Research Institute, Graduate School of Social Work, University of Utah.
Kumpfer, K. L.; Molgaard, V.; & Spoth, R. (1996). The Strengthening Families Program for
prevention of delinquency and drug use in special populations. In R. Peters & R.J. McMahon,
(Eds.) Childhood Disorders, Substance Abuse, and Delinquency: Prevention and Early Intervention
Approaches. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.
Kumpfer, K. L., Olds, D.; Alexander, J. F., Zucker, R. A., Gary, L. E. (In press). Family etiology of
youth problems. In Ashery, R. & Kumpfer, K.L. (eds.) Family-Focused Preventions of Drug Abuse:
Research and Interventions, NIDA Research Monograph. Submitted 9/17/96.
Kumpfer, K. L., Olds, D., Alexander, J. F., Zucker, R. A., Gary, L E. , & McDonald, L. (In press).
Family-focused substance abuse prevention: What have we learned from other fields? In Asbery, R.
and Kumpfer, K. (Eds.) Submitted 9/11/96.
Kumpfer, K. L., Sasagawa, M. & Harrison, S. L. (1995) Asian Association of Utah. Evaluation
Report. Department of Health Education and Promotion, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah
Kumpfer, K. L., & Turner, C. W. (1990-1991). The social ecology model of adolescent substance
abuse: Implications for prevention. The International Journal of the Addictions, 25(4A), 435-463.
L'Abate, L. (1977). Enrichment: Structured Interventions with Couples, Families and Groups.
Washington, DC: University Press of America.
Lipsey, M. W. (1992). Juvenile delinquency treatment: A meta-analytic inquiry into the variability
of effects. In T. D. Cook, H. Cooper, D. S. Cordray, H. Hartmann, L. V. Hedges, R. J. Light, T. A.
Louis, & F. Mosteller (Eds.), Meta-analyses for explanation (pp. 83-127). New York: Russell Sage.
Loeber, (1990). Development and risk factors of juvenile antisocial behavior and delinquency.
Clinical Psychological Review, 10, 1-42.
Loeber, R., & Dishion, T. (1983). Early predictors of male delinquency: A Review. Psychological
Bulletin, 93, 68-99.
Loeber, R., & Stouthamer-Loeber, M. (1986). Family factors as correlates and predictors of
juvenile conduct problems and delinquency. In N. Morris & M. Tonry (Eds.) Crime and Justice: an
annual review of research 7: 29-149, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Luthar, S. S. (1993). Annotation: Methodological and conceptual issues in research on childhood
resilience. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 34: 441-453.
Maguin, E., Zucker, R. A. & Fitzgerald, H. E. (1994). The path to alcohol problems through
conduct problems: A family based approach to very early intervention with risk. Journal of
Research on Adolescence, 4, 249-269.
Mayer, G. R. (1995). Preventing antisocial behavior in the schools. Journal of Applied Behavioral
McCord, J. (1991, July). A thirty-year follow-up of treatment effects. Paper presented at the
annual meeting of the William T. Grant Faculty Scholars, Durham, NC.
McDonald, L., Billingham, S., Dibble, N., Rice, C. & Coe-Braddish, D. (1991). F.A.S.T.: An
innovative substance abuse prevention program. Social Work in Education 13 (2): 118-12.
McDonald, L., Billingham, S., Conrad, T., Morgan, A., O-Nancy, Payton, & Payton, E. (1997).
Families and schools together (FAST): integrating community development with clinical strategies.
Families in Society, 78(2), 140-155.
McLanahan, S. (1980). The consequences of single parenthood for subsequent generations. Focus,
McLanahan, S. & Booth, K. (1989). "Mother-Only Families: Problems, Prospects, and Politics."
Journal of Marriage and Family, 51 (August), 557 - 580.
McMahon, R. J. (1987). Some current issues in the behavioral assessment of conduct disordered
children and their families. Behavioral Assessment, 9, 235-252.
McMahon, R. J. (1996). Helping the Non-compliant Child. Workshop presented at 2nd National
Training Conference on Strengthening America's Families. Snowbird Ski Resort, Salt Lake City,
Utah, Oct. 12-14, 1996.
McMahon, R. J., Slough, N. M., & the Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group. (1996). In
Peters, R. DeV., & McMahon, R. J. (Eds.) Prevention and early intervention: Childhood disorders,
substance abuse and delinquency. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
McMahon, R. J., Tiedmann, G. L., Forehand, R., & Griest, D. L. (1984). Parental satisfaction with
parent training to modify child noncomplience. Behavior Therapy, 15(3), 295-303.
Mednick, B. R., Baker, R. L., & Carothers, L. E. (1990). "Patterns of Family Instability and Crime:
The Association of Timing of the Family's Disruption with Subsequent Adolescent and Young
Adult Criminality." Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 19(3), 201 - 220.
Minuchin, S. (1974). Families and family therapy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Mitchell, A., Weiss, H., & Schultz, T. (In press, 1995). Evaluating education reform: Early
childhood education. A review of research on early education, family support and parent education,
and collaboration. Submitted to OERI, USDE.
Molgaard, V., & Kumpfer, K. L. (1994). Strengthening Families Program II. Ames: Iowa State
University, Social and Behavioral Research Center for Rural Health.
Moore, J., (1994). Mexican-American Women Addicts: The Influence of Family Background. In
R. Glick & J. Moore (Eds.), Drugs in Hispanic Communities (pp. 126-153). Rutgers University
Press: New Brunswick and London.
Morrison, W. D. (1915). Juvenile Offenders. New York: D. Appleton & Co.
Mrazek, P. J., & Haggerty, R. J. (1994). Reducing risks for mental disorders: Frontiers for
preventive intervention research. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press for the Institute of
Medicine, Committee on Prevention of Mental Disorders.
Nash, F. I. (1997). Fertile Minds. Time (February 3): 48-56.
National Center for Education Statistics. (1994). School Safety and Discipline Component. National
Household Education Survey of 1993. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice. Cited in
supra note 3, pg. 5-7.
Newcomb, M.D. (1992). Understanding the multidimensional nature of drug use and abuse: The
role of consumption, risk factors, and protective factors. In M.D. Glantz & R. Pickens (Eds.)
Vulnerability to drug abuse: 255-297. Washington D.C.: American Psychological Association.
Newcomb, M.D. (1995). Drug use etiology among ethnic minority adolescents: Risk and protective
factors. In G. Botvin; S. Schinke; & M. Orlandi (Eds.) Drug abuse prevention with multi-ethnic
youth: 253-292. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications, pp. 105-129.
Newcomb, M.D., & Bentler, P.M. (1989). Substance use and abuse among children and teenagers.
American Psychologist 44: 242-248.
Nye, C.; Zucker, R.; & Fitzgerald, H. (1995). Early intervention in the path to alcohol problems
through conduct problems: Treatment involvement and child behavior change. Journal of
Consulting and Clinical Psychology 63: 831-840.
Oetting, E. (1992). Planning programs for prevention of deviant behavior: A psychosocial model.
In J.E. Trimble, C.E. Bolek, & S.J. Niemcryk (Eds.) Ethnic and multicultural drug use:
Perspectives on current research. NY: Haworth Press.
Oetting, E. R., & Beauvais, F. (1987). Peer cluster theory, socialization characterization, and
adolescent drug use: A path analysis. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 34, 205-213.
Oetting, E. R., & Lynch, R. S. (1993). Peers and the Prevention of Adolescent Drug Use. Fort
Collins, CO: Department of Psychology, Colorado State University.
Offord, D. R. (1982). Family backgrounds of male and female delinquents. In J. Gunn & D.P.
Farrington (Eds.), Delinquency and the criminal justice system. New York: Wiley.
Olds, D. (1989). The Prenatal/Early Infancy Project: A strategy for responding to the needs of high-
risk mothers and their children. Prevention in Human Services, v7(1), 59-87.
Olds, D. & Pettitt, L. (1996). Reducing Risks for Substance Abuse with a Program of Prenatal and
Early Childhood Home Visitation. Paper presented at NIDA Family Intervention Symposium.
Washington, DC, January 1996.
Parson, N. M. & Mikawa, J. K. (1991). "Incarceration and Nonincarceration of African-American
Men Raided in Black Christian Churches." Journal of Psychology, 125 (2),163 - 173.
Patterson, G. R. (1975). Families: Applications of social learning to family life (Rev. ed.).
Champaign, IL: Research Press.
Patterson, G. R. (1976). Living with children: new methods for parents and teachers. Champaign,
IL: Research Press.
Patterson, G. R. (1986). Performance models for antisocial boys. American Psychologist, 41, 432-
Patterson, G. R., DeBaryshe, B. D., & Ramsey, E. (1989). A developmental perspective on
antisocial behavior. American Psychologist, 44, 329-335.
Patterson, G. R. & Joerger, K.(1993). Developmental models for delinquenct behavior. In S.
Hodgins (Ed.) Mental Disorder and Crime. Newbury Park: Sage.
Patterson, G. R., Reid, J. B., & Dishion, T. J. (1992). Antisocial boys. Eugene, OR: Castalia
Peterson, J. L. & Zill, N. (1986). Marital disruption, parent-child relationships, and behavior
problems in children. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 48, 295-307.
Powell, J. Y. & Dosser, D. A. (1992). Structural family therapy as a bridge between Ahelping too
much@ and empowerment. Family Therapy, 19(3), 243-256.
Quay, H. C. (1993). The psychobiology of undersocialized aggressive conduct disorder: A
theoretical perspective. Development and Psychopathology, 5, 165-180.
Rahdert, E. R. (1996). Introduction to the Perinatal-20 Treatment Research Demonstration
Program. In E.R. Rahdert (Ed.) Treatment for Drug-Exposed Women and Their Children: Advances
in Research Methodology: 1-4. NIDA Research Monograph 166. Washington D.C.: Supt. Of
Docs., U.S. Government Printing Office.
Resnick, M., Bearman, P. S., Blum, R. W., Bauman, K. E., Harris, K. M., Jones, J., Tabor, J.,
Beuhring, T., Sieving, R. E., Shew, M., Ireland, M., Bearinger, L. H., and Udry, R. J. (1997).
Protecting adolescents from harm. Journal of the American Medical Association, 278(10), 823-832.
Richters, J. E., & Cicchetti, D. (1993a). Mark Twain meets DSM III-R: Conduct disorder,
development, and the concept of harmful dysfunction. Special Issue: Toward a developmental
perspective on conduct disorder. Development and Psychopathology, 5, (1-2), 5-29.
Richters, J. E., & Cicchetti, D. (1993b). Toward a developmental perspective on conduct disorder.
Development and Psychopathology, 5, 1-4.
Robins, L. N. (1981). Epidemiological approaches to natural history research: Children's antisocial
disorders. Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 20, 566-580.
Robins, L. N. & Ratcliffe, K. S. (l979). Risk factors in the continuation of childhood antisocial
behavior into adulthood. International Journal of Mental Health, 7, 76.
Rosen, L. & Neilson, K. (1982). "Broken Homes and Delinquency." In L. Savitz & N. Johnson
(Eds.), Contemporary Criminology. New York: Wiley.
Rosenthal, T., & Bandura, A. (1978). Psychological modeling: Theory and practice. In S. Garfield
& A. E. Bergin (Eds.), Handbook of psychotherapy and behavior change: An empirical analysis (pp.
621-658). New York: John Wiley.
Rothbart, M. K., Ahadi, S. A., & Hershey, K. L. (in press). Temperament and social behavior in
childhood. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly.
Rutter, M. (1987). Continuities and discontinuities from infancy. In J. Rolf, A. S. Masten, D.
Cicchetti, K. H. Neuchterlein, & S. Weintraub (Eds.), Risk and protective factors in the development
of psychopathology (pp181-214). New York: Cambridge University Press.
Rutter, M. (1990). Psychosocial resilience and protective mechanisms. American Orthopsychiatric
Rutter, M. (1993). Resilience: Some conceptual considerations. Journal of Adolescent Health 14:
Santisteban, D. A., Szapocznik, J., & Rio, A. T. (1993). Family therapy for Hispanic substance
abusing youth: An empirical approach to substance abuse prevention. In R. S. Mayers, B. L, Kail,
& T. D. Watts (Eds.), Hispanic substance abuse (pp. 157-173). Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas.
Sells, C.W. & Blum, R.W. (1996). Morbidity and mortality among u.s. adolescents: an overview of
data and trends. American Journal of Public Health,, 86(4), pg. 513.
Shannon, G.W. (1991). AIDS: A Search for Origins. In R. Ulack & W.F. Skinner (Eds.) AIDS and
the Social Sciences: Common Threads. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky.
Shedler, J., & Block, J. (1990). Adolescent drug use and psychological health; A longitudinal inquiry.
American Psychologist, 45, 612-630.
Sloboda, Z. & David, S. (1997) Preventing Drug Use Among Children and Adolescents. National
Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institute of Health. NCADI #PHD734. Rockville, MD.
Snyder, D. K., Klein, M. A., Gdowski, C. L., Faulstich, C., & LaCombe, J. (1988). Generalized
dysfunction in clinic and nonclinic families: A comparative analysis. Journal of Abnormal Child
Psychology, 16, 97-109.
Snyder, J. J. & Patterson, G. R. (1995). Individual differences in social aggression: a test of a
reinforcement model of socialization in the natural environment. Behavior Therapy, 26(2), 371-391.
Snyder, H. N. (1996). Juvenile arrests 1995. OJJDP Juvenile Justice Bulletin, Office of Juvenile
Justice and Delinquency Prevention., U.S. Department of Justice.
Snyder, H.N., & Sickmund, M. (1995). Juvenile offenders and victims: A national report.
Washington, DC: OJJDP, U.S. Department of Justice.
Snyder, H.N. & Sickmund, M., & Poe-Yamagata, E. (1996). Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 1996
Update on Violence (Statistics Summary). OJJDP, U.S. Department of Justice, February, pg. 10.
Spergel, I. & Grossman, S. (1997). The Little Village Project: A community approach to the gang
problem. Social Work, 42(5), 456-470.
Spoth, R., & Redmond, C. (1996a). Illustrating a framework for prevention research : Project
Family studies of rural family participation and outcomes. In Peter, R.DeV., & McMahon, R.J.
(eds.) Childhood Disorders, Substance Abuse, and Delinquency: Prevention and Early Intervention
Approaches. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.
Spoth, R., & Redmond, C. (1996b). Study of participation barrier in family-focused prevention:
Research issues and preliminary results. International Journal of Community Health Education 13:
Spoth, R., Redmond, C., & Shin, C.Y. (in press). Direct and indirect latent variable parenting
outcomes of two universal family-focused prevention interventions: Extending a public health-
oriented research base. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology.
Spoth, R. Redmond, C., & Lepper, H. (1999). Alcohol initiation outcomes of universal family-
focused preventive interventions: One- and two-year follow-ups of a controlled study. Journal of
Studies on Alcohol, v13, 103-111.
Stanton, M. D., & Todd, T. (1982). Principles and techniques for getting AResistant@ families into
treatment. In M. D. Stanton and T. Todd (Eds.), The family therapy of drug abuse and addiction.
New York: Guilford.
Swaim, R. C., Oetting, E. R., Edwards, R. W., & Beauvais, F. (1989). Links from emotional
distress to adolescent drug use: A path model. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 57,
Szapocznik, J. (1997). Cultural Competency and Family Program Implementation. Plenary session
presented at the OJJDP University of Utah, 3rd National Training Conference on Strengthening
America's Families. Westin City Center, Washington D.C., March 23-25, 1997.
Szapocznik, J. & Kurtines, W.M. (1989). Breakthroughs in family therapy with drug-abusing and
problem youth. New York: Springer.
Szapocznik, J. & Kurtines, W.M. (1993). Family psychology and cultural diversity: Opportunities
for theory, research and application. American Psychologist, 48(4), 400-407.
Szapocznik, J., Kurtines, W. M., Foote, F. H., & Perez-Vidal, A. (1983). Conjoint versus one
person family therapy: Some evidence for the effectiveness of conducting family therapy through
one person. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 51, 889-899.
Szapocznik, J., Kurtines, W. M, Santisteban, D. A., & Rio, A. T. (1990). The interplay of advances
among theory, research and application in treatment interventions aimed at behavior problem
children and adolescents. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 58(6): 696-703.
Szapocznik, J., Perez-Vidal, A., Brickman, A., Foote, F. H., Santisteban, D., Hervis, O., & Kurtines,
W. H. (1988). Engaging adolescent drug abusers and their families into treatment: A Strategic
Structural Systems approach. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology: 552-557.
Szapocznik, J., Santisteban, D., Rio, A., Perez-Vidal, A., & Kurtines, W. M. (1985). Family
effectiveness training (FET) for Hispanic families: Strategic structural systems intervention for the
prevention of drug abuse. In H.P. Lefley & P.B. Pedersen(Eds.) Cross Cultural Training for Mental
Professionals. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas.
Szapocznik, J. Santiseban, D., Rio, A., Perez-Vidal, A., & Kurtines, W. M. (1989). Family
effectiveness training: An intervention to prevent drug abuse and problem behaviors in Hispanic
adolescents. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 11, 4-27.
Szapocznik, J., Santisteban, D., Rio, A., Perez-Vidal, A., Kurtines, W. M., & Hervis, O. (1986).
Bicultural effectiveness training (BET): An intervention modality for families experiencing
intergenerational/intercultural conflict. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences 8(4): 303-330.
Tauchen, H., Witte, A.D., and Griesinger, H. (1994). Criminal deterrence: Revising the issue with
a birth cohort. Review of Economics and Statistics, 76, 399-412.
Taylor, P. (1991). Concern over impact on children causes therapists to reexamine divorce.
Washington Post, January 29, 1991 p. A1.
Thornberry, T. P., Huizinga, D., & Loeber, R. (1995). The prevention of serious delinquency and
violence: Implications from the program of research on the causes and correlates of delinquency. In
J.C. Howell et al., (Eds.). Sourcebook on Serious, Violent, and Chronic Juvenile Offenders.
Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage Publications.
Thornberry, T. P., Lizotte, A. J., Krohn, M. D., Farnworth, M. & Jang, S. J. (1994). Delinquent
peers, beliefs, and delinquent behavior: A longitudinal test of interactional theory. Criminology, 94,
Tobler, N. S., & Stratton, H. H. (1997). Effectiveness of school-based prevention programs: A meta-
analysis of the research. Journal of Primary Prevention 18(1), 71-128.
Tolan, P. H., Gorman-Smith, D., Zelli, A, & Huesmann, R. (1993). The Chicago Family Measure.
Poster presented at the 51st Annual Meeting of the American Association for Marriage and Family
Therapy. Anaheim, California, October, 1993.
Tolan, P. H. & Guerra, N. G. (1994). What works in reducing adolescent violence: An empirical
review of the field. Commissioned monograph. Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence.
University of Colorado, Bolder, CO.
Tolan, P.H., Guerra, N. G., & Kendall, P. C. (1995a). A developmental-ecological perspective on
antisocial behavior in children and adolescents: Toward a unified risk and intervention framework.
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 63: 579-584.
Tolan, P. H., Guerra, N. G., & Kendall, P. C. (1995b). Introduction to special section: Prediction
and prevention of antisocial behavior in children and adolescents. Journal of Consulting and Clinical
Psychology 63: 515-517.
Tolan, P. H., & Loeber, R. L. (1993). Antisocial behavior. In Tolan, P.H., & Cohler, B.J. (eds.)
Handbook of Clinical Research and Clinical Practice with Adolescents: 307-331, New York, NY:
Tremblay, R. E., Masses, B., Perron, D., Leblanc, M., Schwartzman, A. E., & Ledingham, J. E.
(1992). Early disruptive behavior, poor school achievement, delinquent behavior, and delinquent
personality: longitudinal analyses. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 60, 64-72.
Trepper, T. S. & Sprenkle, D. H. (1988). The clinical use of the circumplex model in the assessment
and treatment of intrafamily child sexual abuse. Journal of Psychotherapy, 4(1-2), 93-111.
U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census (1991). Current Population Reports (Series
P-60, No. 168, p. 104). In Money Income and Poverty Status in the United States, 1989.
Washington, DC: Government Printing Office.
U.S. Department of Justice (1996). Crime in the United States: 1995 Uniform Crime Reports.
Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
Webster-Stratton, C. (1990a). Long-term follow-up of families with young conduct-problem
children: From preschool to grade school. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 19,(2), 114-149.
Webster-Stratton, C. (1990b). Enhancing the effectiveness of self-administered videotape parent
training for families with conduct-problem children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 18,(5),
Webster-Stratton, C. (1996). Video-based Parent Training Program. Workshop presented at 2nd
National Training Conference on Strengthening America's Families. Snowbird Ski Resort, Salt
Lake City, Utah, Oct. 12-14, 1996.
Webster-Stratton, C., Kolpacoff, M., & Hollinsworth, T. (1988). Self-administered videotape
therapy for families with conduct-problem children: Comparison with two cost-effective treatments
and a control group. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 56(4): 558-566.
Weinrott, M. R., Jones, R. R. & Howard, J. (1982). Cost-effectiveness of teaching family programs
for delinquents: Results of a national evaluation. Evaluation Review, 6, 173-201.
Wells, L. E. & Rankin, J. H. (1991). Families and delinquency: a meta-analysis of the impact of
broken homes. Social Problems, 38(1), 71-93.
Wells, K. & Tracy, E. (1996). Reorienting intensive family preservation services in relation to
pubilc child welfare practice. Child Welfare, 75 (Nov.-Dec.) 667-92.
Werner, E. E. (1986). Resilient offspring of alcoholics: A longitudinal study from birth to age 18.
Journal of Studies on Alcoholism 47: 34-40.
Werner, E. E., & Smith, R. S. (1992). Overcoming the odds: High risk children from birth to
adulthood. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Whitman, C. (1995). Residential care and treatment for abused women and their children. Adult
Residential Care Journal, 9(1), 22-34.
Wills, T. A., Vaccaro, D., & McNamara, G. (1992). The role of life events, family support, and
competence in adolescent substance use: A test of vulnerability and protective factors. American
Journal of Community Psychology 20: 349-374.
Wilson, J. Q. (1987). Strategic opportunities for delinquency prevention. In J. Q. Wilson and G.
C. Loury (Eds.), From Children to Citizens (Vol. 3): Families, Schools, and Delinquency
Prevention. New York: Springer-Verlag.
Wolf, M. M., Braukmann, C. J., & Ramp, K. A. (1987). Serious delinquent behavior as part of a
significantly handicapping condition: Cures and supportive environments. Journal of Applied
Behavior Analysis, 20, 347-359.
Wright, K. N., & Wright, K. E. (1992). Family Life and Delinquency and Crime: A policy-
maker's guide to the literature. Unpublished manuscript, Office of Juvenile Justice and
Delinquency Prevention, Washington, DC.
Wright, K.N. & Wright, K.E. (1995). Family life, Delinquency, and Crime: A policymaker's guide.
Washington, D.C: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
Yoshikawa, H. (1994). Prevention as cumulative protection: Effects of early family support and
education on chronic delinquency and its risks. Psychological Bulletin.
Zaslow, M. J. & Hayes, C. D. (1986). Sex differences in children's response to psychological stress:
Toward a cross-context analysis. In M. E. Lamb, A. Brown, & B. Rogosf (Eds.), Advances in
Developmental Psychology (pp. 285-337). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Zill, N. (1993). "The Changing Realities of Family Life." The Aspen Institute Quarterly, 1-25.
About | Literature Review | Model Programs | Helpful Links